Study associates proximity to oil and gas development and childhood leukemia

0
123

Pediatrics / Children’s Health

Lymphoma / Leukemia / Myeloma

Cancer / Oncology

Public Health

Study associates proximity to oil and gas development and childhood leukemia

MNT Knowledge Center

Adapted Media Release

Published:

Published:
Fri 17 Feb 2017
email

 

 

Young Coloradans diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia are more likely to live in areas of high-density oil and gas development compared to young Coloradans diagnosed with other types of cancer, according to researchers at the Colorado School of Public Health at CU Anschutz. The researchers observed no association between non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and high-density oil and gas development.

“Over 378,000 Coloradans and millions of Americans currently live within a mile of at least one oil and gas well, and petroleum development continues to expand into residential areas,” said lead investigator Dr. Lisa McKenzie, assistant research professor at the Colorado School of Public Health. “The findings from our registry-based case control study indicate that young Coloradans diagnosed with one type of childhood leukemia are more likely to live in the densest areas of oil and gas sites. More comprehensive research that can address our study’s limitations is needed to understand and explain these results.”

Funded by the CU Cancer Center and published in the journal PLOS ONE, the study shows children and young adults between the ages of 5 and 24 with acute lymphocytic leukemia were 4.3 times more likely to live in the densest area of active oil and gas wells than those with other cancers. The study focused on rural areas and towns in 57 Colorado counties and excluded urban areas of more than 50,000 people.

According to the report, US oil and gas development has grown rapidly over the past 15 years and this industrial activity has the potential to emit toxic substances into air and water, including carcinogens like benzene.

According to current research, over 15 million Americans now live within 1.6 kilometers (1 mile) of oil and gas development. There are hundreds of oil and gas wells within one mile of a home in Colorado’s most intensive areas of oil and gas development. The study indicates that people living in areas of oil and gas development may be at an increased risk for health effects, including cancers, resultant from such industrial exposures.

The report concludes that future research should incorporate information on oil and gas development activities and production levels, as well as levels of specific pollutants of interest like benzene, near homes, schools and day care centers. It recommends such research consider specific ages and residential histories, compare cases to controls without cancer and address other potential confounders and environmental stressors.

Data for the study was obtained from the Colorado Central Cancer Registry and the Colorado Oil and Gas Information System. The study included 743 young Coloradans aged 0-24 years living in rural Colorado and diagnosed with cancer between 2001 and 2013.

Researchers used information from the Colorado Oil and Gas Information System to build a geocoded dataset with coordinates of all oil and gas wells in rural Colorado and determined dates for when each well was active.

Geocoded residential addresses of cancer patients at the time of diagnosis were linked to active well locations in the year of diagnosis and active well locations in each of the 10 years preceding the cancer diagnosis. They then took the inverse of each distance and summed the inverse distances to calculate inverse distance weighted oil and gas well counts within a 16.1 km radius of each participant’s residence at cancer diagnosis for each of the 10 years prior to the date of the cancer diagnosis. The inverse distance weighted well count method gives greater weight to the wells nearer the home. Age, race, gender, income, elevation of residence and year of cancer diagnosis all were considered in the analysis.

The study was limited by the low occurrence of leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma in rural Colorado, lack of specific age at cancer diagnosis and the fact that all study participants had been diagnosed with cancer. The study also was limited by the lack of information on specific activities at the well sites, place of residence before cancer diagnosis, other sources of pollution around the residence and individual characteristics such as common infections and family history of cancer.

Article: Childhood hematologic cancer and residential proximity to oil and gas development, Lisa M. McKenzie, William B. Allshouse, Tim E. Byers, Edward J. Bedrick, Berrin Serdar, John L. Adgate, PLOS ONE, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0170423, published 15 February 2017.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today

Rate this article

Study associates proximity to oil and gas development and childhood leukemia

Public / Patient

Not yet rated

Health Professionals

Not yet rated

Ratings require JavaScript to be enabled.

0

0

email

email

print

These tabs require JavaScript to be enabled.

Source: University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Additional source: EurekAlert!, the online, global news service operated by AAAS, the science society

Visit our Pediatrics / Children’s Health category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Pediatrics / Children’s Health.

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

MLA
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical. “Study associates proximity to oil and gas development and childhood leukemia.” Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 17 Feb. 2017. Web.
26 Feb. 2017. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/315907.php>

APA
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical. (2017, February 17). “Study associates proximity to oil and gas development and childhood leukemia.” Medical News Today. Retrieved from
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/315907.php.

Please note: If no author information is provided, the source is cited instead.

Contact our news editors

For any corrections of factual information, or to contact our editorial team, please see our contact page.

Please note: Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a health care professional. For more information, please read our terms of use.

Copyright Medical News Today: Excluding email/sharing services explicitly offered on this website, material published on Medical News Today may not be reproduced, or distributed without the prior written permission of Medilexicon International Ltd. Please contact us for further details.


Download the MNT iPhone app

Spotlight on: Pediatrics / Children’s Health

  • What are the adult health consequences of childhood bullying?Recent studies have found that childhood bullying can have long-term consequences on physical and psychological health well into adulthood. We look at the evidence.

Most popular in: Pediatrics / Children’s Health

  • Cholesterol levels by age: Differences and recommendations
  • Harsh parenting may do more harm than good for children’s education
  • ADHD: Large imaging study confirms differences in several brain regions
  • Could physical activity protect children from depression?
  • Could a Mediterranean diet protect against ADHD?
  • Too much soda may raise children’s risk of fatty liver disease
  • Children inherit around 40 percent of parents’ BMI
  • Gay marriage legalization linked to drop in teenage suicide attempts

Knowledge Center

  • Detailed articles about specific areas of medicine, conditions, nutrition, and forms of treatment.Visit nowOr choose a specific subject below.

    — Select a subject —
    Abscess (Dental)
    Achalasia
    Achilles Tendinitis
    Acid Reflux
    Acne
    Acoustic Neuroma (Vestibular Schwannoma)
    Acromegaly
    Actinomicosis
    Actinomycosis
    Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
    Acute Myeloid Leukemia
    Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
    Addiction
    Addison’s Disease (Primary Adrenal Insufficiency)
    ADHD
    Adrenal Fatigue
    Agoraphobia
    Air Embolism (Gas Embolism)
    Albinism
    Alcohol Poisoning
    Alcoholic Liver Disease
    Alcoholism
    Allergy
    Alopecia Areata
    Altitude Sickness (Acute Mountain Sickness)
    Alzheimer’s Disease
    AMD / Macular Degeneration
    Amenorrhea
    Amnesia
    Amniocentesis
    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
    Anagen Effluvium
    Anal Cancer
    Anal Fissure
    Anal Itching (Itchy Bottom)
    Anaphylaxis
    Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS)
    Anemia
    Anemia (Vitamin Deficiency)
    Anesthesiologist
    Aneurysm
    Anger
    Angina
    Angioedema
    Anhidrosis (Hypohidrosis)
    Ankylosing Spondylitis
    Anorexia Nervosa
    Anthrax
    Antimicrobial Resistance
    Antiphospholipid Syndrome (Hughes Syndrome)
    Anxiety
    Aphasia
    Appendicitis
    Arrhythmia
    Arsenic Poisoning
    Arthritis
    Asperger Syndrome
    Asthma
    Astigmatism
    Ataxia
    Atherosclerosis
    Athlete’s Foot
    Atrial Fibrillation
    Atrophic Vaginitis (Vaginal Atrophy)
    Autism
    Avian Influenza
    Back Pain
    Bacterial Vaginosis
    Baker’s Cyst (Popliteal Cyst)
    Balanitis
    Baldness
    Bartholin’s Cyst
    Bed Sores (Pressure Ulcers)
    Bell’s Palsy
    Binge Eating Disorder
    Bipolar Disorder
    Bird Flu
    Blackheads
    Bladder Cancer
    Bladder Stones
    Blastoma
    Blepharitis
    Blisters
    Body Dysmorphic Disorder
    Body dysmorphic disorder
    Body Odor (B.O.)
    Boils, furuncles, carbuncles
    Bone Cancer
    Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
    Botulism
    Brain Abscess (Cerebral Abscess)
    Breast Cancer
    Breast Cancer (Male)
    Breast Lumps
    Breast Pain (Mastalgia)
    Bronchiectasis (Bronchiectasia)
    Bronchitis
    Bulimia Nervosa
    Bursitis
    Cancer
    Candidiasis
    Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
    Carcinoma
    Cardiovascular Disease
    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
    Cartilage Damage
    Cataracts
    Catatonic Schizophrenia
    Cellulite
    Cellulitis
    Cerebral Palsy
    Cerebrovascular Disease
    Cervical Cancer
    Cervical Spondylosis
    Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease
    Chickenpox
    Child Abuse
    Childhood schizophrenia
    Chlamydia
    Cholecystitis (Gallbladder Inflammation)
    Cholera
    Cholestasis Of Pregnancy (Obstetric Cholestasis)
    Cholesterol
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)
    Chronic Kidney Failure
    Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS)
    Cirrhosis
    CJD
    Claustrophobia
    Clostridium Difficile (C. Difficile)
    Clubfoot (Talipes Equinovarus)
    Cluster Headache
    Cold Sores
    Colic
    Colon Cancer
    Colorectal Cancer
    Coma (Comatose)
    Common Cold
    Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS)
    Concussion
    Congenital Heart Disease (Congenital Heart Defect)
    Conjunctivitis (allergic)
    Conjunctivitis (infective)
    Constipation
    COPD, Emphysema
    Corns / Calluses
    Coronary Heart Disease (Coronary Artery Disease)
    Coronavirus Infection
    Costello Syndrome
    Cough
    Crabs (Pubic Lice)
    Craniosynostosis
    Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)
    Cristoporidiosis
    Crohn’s Disease
    Croup
    Cryptorchidism (Undescended Testicle)
    Cushing’s Syndrome
    Cystic Acne
    Cystic Fibrosis
    Cystitis
    Cysts
    Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
    Dandruff
    Dandruff
    Deep Vein Thrombosis
    Degenerative Disc Disease
    Dehydration
    Delayed ejaculation
    Dementia
    Dengue Fever
    Depersonalization
    Depression
    Detached Retina
    DHT
    Diabetes
    Diabetes Insipidus
    Diabetic Neuropathy
    Diabetic Retinopathy
    Diarrhea
    Diphtheria
    Discoid Eczema (Nummular Dermatitis)
    Disorganized Schizophrenia (Hebephrenia)
    Diverticulitis
    Double Vision (Diplopia)
    Down Syndrome
    Dry Eye Syndrome
    Dry Mouth (Xerostomia)
    Dupuytren’s Contracture
    Dysautonomia
    Dysentery
    Dyslexia
    Dysphagia
    Dyspraxia
    Dystonia
    E.coli
    Earwax Impaction
    Ebola
    Ectopic Pregnancy
    Eczema
    Edema
    Embolism
    Emphysema
    Encephalitis
    Endocarditis
    Endometriosis
    Entropion
    Enuresis – Bedwetting
    Epidermolysis Bullosa
    Epiglottitis
    Epilepsy
    Epiphora (Watering Eye)
    Erectile dysfunction
    Esophageal Cancer
    Esophagitis
    Essential Tremor
    Euthanasia (Assisted Suicide)
    Exophthalmos (Bulging Eyes)
    Eye Melanoma (Ocular Melanoma)
    Fabry Disease
    Facelift (Rhytidectomy)
    Farsightedness (Presbyopia)
    Fatigue
    Febrile Seizures (Convulsions)
    Female Genital Mutilation
    Fever
    Fibroids
    Fibromyalgia
    Flat Feet (Fallen Arches)
    Flatulence
    Food Allergy
    Food Intolerance
    Fordyce Spots
    Fracture (Broken Bones)
    Frostbite
    Frozen Shoulder
    Gallstones
    Gambling Addiction
    Ganglion Cyst
    Gangrene
    Gastroenteritis / Food Poisoning
    Gaucher’s Disease
    Genital Warts
    GERD
    Giardiasis
    Gilbert Syndrome
    Gingivitis
    Glandular Fever
    Glaucoma
    Glomerulonephritis
    Glue Ear
    Gluten Intolerance / Celiac Disease
    Goiter (Goitre)
    Gonorrhea
    Gout
    Graves’ Disease
    Guillain-Barre Syndrome
    Gum Disease (Gingivitis)
    Gynecology
    Gynecomastia
    Hair Loss / Baldness
    Halitosis (Bad Breath)
    Hangover
    Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis (Hashimoto’s Disease)
    Hay Fever
    Head Lice
    Headaches
    Hearing Impairment (Deafness)
    Heart Attack
    Heart Block (AV Bundle/Bundle Branch Block)
    Heart Disease
    Heart Failure
    Heart risk
    Heartburn
    Heat Rash (Prickly Heat)
    Heat Stroke (Sunstroke)
    Heel Pain
    Hemochromatosis
    Hemophilia
    Hemroids / Hemorrhoids
    Hepatitis
    Hepatitis C
    Hernia
    Herpes
    Hiccups
    Hiccups (Hiccoughs)
    High Blood Pressure
    Hirsutism (Excessive Hairiness)
    HIV / AIDS
    Hives
    Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
    HPV infection
    Huntington’s Disease
    Hydrocephalus (Water On The Brain)
    Hyperhidrosis (Excessive Sweating)
    Hyperlipidemia
    Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
    Hyperthyroidism
    Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
    Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
    Hypochondria
    Hypoglycemia
    Hypotension
    Hypothermia
    Hypothyroidism
    Hysterectomy
    Impacted Wisdom Teeth
    Impetigo
    Incontinence (bowel)
    Incontinence (urinary)
    Indigestion
    Infant Jaundice
    Infertility
    Inflammation
    Influenza / Flu
    Ingrown Toenail
    Insomnia
    Interstitial Cystitis
    Irregular Periods (Oligomenorrhea)
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
    Irritable Hip (Acute Transient Synovitis)
    Japanese Encephalitis
    Jaundice
    Jet Lag
    Kawasaki Disease
    Ketosis
    Kidney Cancer
    Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis)
    Kidney Stones
    Kienbock’s disease
    Lactose Intolerance
    Laryngeal Cancer (Cancer Of The Larynx)
    Laryngitis
    Latex Allergy
    Lazy Eye
    Leg Cramps
    Leg Pain
    Legionnaires’ Disease
    Leprosy
    Leptospirosis
    Leukemia
    Lichen Planus
    Listeria Infection (Listeriosis)
    Liver Cancer
    Lung Cancer
    Lupus
    Lyme Disease
    Lymph glands
    Lymphedema
    Lymphoma
    Mal De Debarquement Syndrome (MdDS)
    Malaria
    Male menopause
    Malnutrition
    Marfan Syndrome
    Mastitis
    Measles
    Meniere’s disease
    Meningitis
    Menopause
    Menorrhagia
    Mental Health
    MERS-CoV
    Mesothelioma
    Metabolic Syndrome
    Metatarsalgia (Stone Bruise)
    Microbiota Microbiome
    Microcephaly
    Migraine
    Miscarriage
    Moles
    Molluscum Contagiosum
    Morning Sickness (Nausea Gravidarum)
    Morton’s Neuroma
    Motion Sickness (Travel Sickness)
    Motor Neuron Disease
    Mouth Cancer
    MRSA
    Multiple Myeloma
    Multiple Sclerosis
    Mumps
    Munchausen Syndrome
    Munchausen Syndrome By Proxy
    Muscular Dystrophy (MD)
    Myasthenia Gravis (Goldflam Disease)
    Nail Fungal Infection
    Narcissistic Personality Disorder
    Narcolepsy
    Nasal Polyps
    Nausea
    NDM-1
    Necrotizing Fasciitis
    Neurofibromatosis
    Neuromyelitis Optica (Devic’s Disease)
    Neuropathy
    Neurosis
    Neutropenia
    Nicotine Dependence (Dangers Of Smoking)
    Night terrors
    Noonan Syndrome
    Norovirus Infection
    Obesity
    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
    Occupational Asthma
    Opioid-Induced Constipation (OIC)
    Oral Thrush (Babies)
    Oral Thrush (Oral Candidiasis)
    Osteoarthritis
    Osteochondritis Dissecans
    Osteomyelitis (Bone Infection)
    Osteopathy
    Osteoporosis
    Otitis Externa (Swimmer’s Ear)
    Ovarian Cancer
    Ovarian Cyst
    Paget’s Disease (Of Bone)
    Paget’s Disease (Of Breast)
    Pain
    Painful Intercourse (Dyspareunia)
    Pancreatic Cancer
    Pancreatitis (acute)
    Pancreatitis (chronic)
    Panic Attacks
    Panic Attacks
    Paranoid Schizophrenia
    Parasites
    Parkinson’s Disease
    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
    Peptic Ulcers
    Pericarditis
    Period Pains
    Periodontitis
    Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
    Personality Disorders
    Peyronie’s disease
    Phobias
    Piles (Hemorrhoids)
    Pimples
    Pinworms (Threadworms)
    Pleurisy
    Pneumococcal Disease
    Pneumonia
    Poison Ivy Rash
    Polio
    Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
    Polyuria (Frequent Urination)
    Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    Postherpetic Neuralgia
    Postpartum Depression
    Prader-Willi Syndrome
    Preeclampsia
    Premature Ejaculation
    Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
    Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
    Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
    Progeria
    Prominent Ears
    Prostate Cancer
    Psoriasis
    Psoriasis
    Psychosis
    Pulmonary Edema (Oedema)
    Pulmonary Embolism
    Pulmonary hypertension
    Q Fever
    Rabies
    Radiation Sickness (Radiation Poisoning)
    Ramsay Hunt Syndrome
    Raynaud’s Disease
    Rectocele (Proctocele)
    REM Behavior Disorder
    Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI)
    Respiratory Syncytial Virus
    Restless Legs Syndrome
    Rheumatic Fever
    Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Rhinitis, Non-Allergic
    Rickets
    Ringworm
    Rosacea
    Rubella
    Ruptured Spleen
    Salivary Gland Cancer
    Salmonella
    Sarcoma
    SARS
    Scabies
    Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina)
    Schistosomiasis (Bilharzia)
    Schizoaffective Disorder
    Schizophrenia
    Sciatica
    Scleroderma
    Scoliosis
    Scurvy
    Seasonal Affective Disorder
    Seborrheic Keratosis
    Sepsis
    Sexual Addiction (Nymphomania)
    Shin Splints
    Shingles
    Short Stature (Dwarfism)
    Sinusitis
    Sjogren’s Syndrome
    Skin Cancer / Melanoma
    Skin Tags
    Slapped Cheek Syndrome
    Sleep Apnea
    Sleep Paralysis
    Social Anxiety Disorder
    Spina Bifida
    Spinal Muscular Atrophy
    Squint (Strabismus)
    Stomach Cancer (Gastric Cancer)
    Strep Throat / Sore Throat
    Stress
    Stress Incontinence
    Stretch Marks
    Stroke
    Stuttering
    Stye (Hordeolum)
    Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
    Suicidal Thoughts
    Sunburn
    Sunscreen
    Swine Flu
    Syphilis
    Systematic reviews
    Tachycardia (Fast Heart Beat)
    Takotsubo cardiomyopathy
    Tapeworms (Cestodes)
    Teeth Grinding (Bruxism)
    Tendinitis (Tendonitis)
    Testicular Cancer
    Testicular Torsion
    Tetanus
    Thalassemia
    Thyroid Cancer
    Thyroid Nodules
    Tinnitus
    Tiredness / Fatigue
    Tobacco Smoke Toxins
    Tonsillitis
    Tourette Syndrome
    Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)
    Transient Ischemic Attack
    transient ischemic attack
    Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
    Trigeminal Neuralgia
    Triple X Syndrome
    Tuberculosis
    Tumor
    Turner Syndrome
    Typhoid
    Ulcerative Colitis
    Umbilical Hernia
    Urethritis
    Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
    Uveitis
    Vaculitis (Angiitis)
    Vaginal Cancer
    Vaginismus
    Vaginitis
    Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis)
    Varicocele
    Varicose Eczema (Stasis Dermatitis)
    Varicose Veins
    Ventricular Fibrillation
    Vertigo
    Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR)
    Vitamin B12 Deficiency
    Vitiligo
    Vocal Cord Paresis (Paralysis)
    Von Willebrand Disease
    Vulvar Cancer (Vulval Cancer)
    Vulvodynia
    Warts
    Water On The Knee (Knee Effusion)
    Water Retention (Fluid Retention)
    Wegener’s Granulomatosis
    Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
    West Nile Virus (WNV)
    Wheat Allergy
    Whiplash
    Whipple’s Disease
    Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
    Williams Syndrome
    Wilms’ Tumor (Nephroblastoma)
    Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome
    Yeast infection (male)
    Yellow Fever
    Yips
    Zika virus
    Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome